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Tuesday November 20, 14:23

Heart Attack is Related to Loss of Job, Study Found

The risk of heart attack was more significant in the first year after the loss of job
The risk of heart attack was more significant in the first year after the loss of job
 

Unemployment, loss of job and short periods without work may be associated with an increased risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI, heart attack), according to a report by researchers at Duke University in North Carolina (USA), published in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

The scientists examined the relationship between the different kinds of unemployment and the risk of heart attack among 13451 U.S. adults between 51 and 75 years with follow-up interviews from 1992 to 2010.

The results showed that different past and present job characteristics increased risk of a cardiovascular event. Though the risk of heart attack was more significant in the first year after the loss of job. The cumulative number of job losses and accumulated time of being unemployed were independently associated with increased risk of myocardial infarction, research found.

The 14 percent of people was unemployed, 69.7 percent had one or more jobs and 35.1 percent had spent time unemployed. The study group (mean age of 62 years) had 1061 events of heart attack (7.9 percent).

Statistical analysis indicated that the risk of AMI was significantly higher among the unemployed (with a risk ratio of 1.35) and risk gradually increased from a loss of employment (1.22) to four or more job losses (1.63). The risk of AMI was also particularly high in the first year of unemployment (1.27), but not after that bad experience.

The scientists found that the elevated risk associated with the loss of many jobs was of the same magnitude as other traditional risk factors, such as smoking, diabetes and hypertension.

 
 
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